Lake Titicaca is split geographically between Peru and Bolivia, sitting on the northern part of the Altiplano plateau almost 4,000 metres above sea level (over 13,000 feet). The two contrasting geographical regions surrounding it are the Pacific Coast desert to the west and the Amazon forest to the east. It holds the title as the largest freshwater lake in South America and as the highest navigable lake in the world for its size.
Andean mythology places Lake Titicaca as the birthplace of the sun, moon, stars and of all humankind. The Incas later held the belief that this was the end of the earth and the place where both time and space fused together.